A root canal is a dental procedure removes the pulp of the tooth. The pulp is made up of nerves, connective tissue, and blood vessels. 

A root canal is performed when the soft inner part of a tooth, known as the pulp, is injured, becomes inflamed, or infected. The crown of the tooth — the part you can see above your gums — can remain intact even if the pulp is dead. Removing injured or infected pulp is the best way to preserve the structure of the tooth.

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Common Reasons For A Root Canal

¿Cómo se realiza una endodoncia?

La endodoncia se realiza en una consulta dental. Cuando llegue a su cita, un técnico le acompañará a una sala de tratamiento, le ayudará a situarse en una silla y le colocará un babero alrededor del cuello para proteger su ropa de las manchas.

  • Paso 1: Anestesia

    El dentista colocará una pequeña cantidad de medicamento anestésico en la encía, cerca del diente afectado. Una vez que haya hecho efecto, se le inyectará un anestésico local en las encías. Es posible que sienta un fuerte pellizco o una sensación de ardor, pero esto pasará rápidamente.

  • Paso 2: Retirar la pulpa

    When your tooth is numb, the dentist will make a small opening in the top of the tooth. Once the infected or damaged pulp is exposed, the specialist will carefully remove it using special tools called files. They’ll be particularly careful to clean out all the pathways (canals) in your tooth.

  • Paso 3: Antibióticos

    Una vez extraída la pulpa, el dentista puede recubrir la zona con un antibiótico tópico para asegurarse de que la infección ha desaparecido y para prevenir una nueva infección. Una vez limpios y desinfectados los conductos, el dentista rellenará y sellará el diente con una pasta selladora y un material similar a la goma llamado gutapercha. También es posible que te recete antibióticos por vía oral.

  • Paso 4: Relleno temporal

    El dentista terminará el procedimiento rellenando la pequeña abertura en la parte superior del diente con un material suave y temporal. Este sellador ayuda a evitar que los canales sean dañados por la saliva.

Antes: Infección

Después: Endodoncia

¿Cómo saber si necesita una endodoncia?

Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp, the soft tissue inside the root canal, becomes inflamed or infected. Your dentist will advise on whether or not a root canal is a good option for your specific needs.

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Preguntas Frecuentes

A veces no se presentan síntomas; sin embargo, los signos de que puede necesitar una endodoncia incluyen:

Dolor de muelas intenso al masticar o aplicar presión
Sensibilidad/dolor prolongado al calor o al frío (después de haber eliminado el calor o el frío)
Decoloración (oscurecimiento) del diente
Hinchazón y sensibilidad en las encías cercanas
Un grano persistente o recurrente en las encías
While root canal procedures have the reputation of being painful, most people report that the procedure itself is no more painful than having a filling placed.
Root canal treatment is highly successful; the procedure has more than a 95% success rate. Many teeth fixed with a root canal can last a lifetime.
You may have some tenderness or mild discomfort when biting down for a few days following your treatment. You can take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen to relieve any discomfort you feel. We recommend chewing on the other side of your mouth until a permanent restoration, such as a crown, is placed on top of the treated tooth.
Yes! You should avoid eating foods high in sugar and drinking acidic beverages to help protect your teeth from decay. Additionally, you should visit your dentist at least once per year so we can examine and clean your teeth. We also highly recommend wearing a custom-made mouth guard whenever you’re playing sports or doing anything that poses a risk of injury to your teeth.

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